Archivos Mensuales: noviembre 2014

Sistema Fluvial del Río de la Plata – Hidrovia

Sistema Fluvial del Río de la Plata

El sistema fluvial del Río de la Plata, abarca una superficie de aproximadamente 3.100.000 km2, que se extiende por los territorios de Argentina, Brasil, Bolivia, Paraguay y Uruguay. Las coordenadas extremas se ubican entre los meridianos 67° y 44° y los paralelos 14° y 37°, abarcando desde el altiplano de Bolivia al océano Atlántico, y desde la Chapada de Pareéis, en la meseta brasileña, que separa a esta cuenca de la amazónica, hasta su desembocadura en el Atlántico, por medio del Río de la Plata, el que le da nombre a la cuenca.

La cuenca del Plata es la sexta, por su superficie, entre las grandes cuencas fluviales del mundo, y segunda en América del Sur. Son mayores que ella solamente las de los sistemas fluviales del Amazonas, del Yenisei, del Congo, del Obi y del Misisipí.

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INFORME PRELIMINAR – Evento de Tiempo Severo -VIGENCIA: 72 horas Sábado 29 y Domingo 30/11

INFORME PRELIMINAR
EVENTO DE TIEMPO SEVERO
VIGENCIA: 72 horas
Sábado 29 y Domingo 30/11
Se emite el presente informe de manera preliminar ante un panorama complicado para el fin de semana en lo que respecta a la inestabilidad. El informe comprende los días Sábado y Domingo.

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Less noise and vibration is good for the working environment

Less noise and vibration is good for the working environment

Carsten Gydahl-Jensen, Occupational Health Consultant

SEAHEALTH – http://www.seahealth.dk

January 2014 | Alert! | 7

High levels of noise can ruin your hearing if you are exposed to it for

a long time. Constant low level noise and vibration can also have a major impact on

your working life because it means poorer quality sleep, lack of rest and stress. For

example, if a fire door bangs or the hinges creak every time it is opened and your

cabin is right alongside, it affects your periods of rest.

Noise and vibration require special attention on a ship because the crew are

on board every day around the clock and are surrounded by noisy machinery and

metal which transmits noise well. There are mandatory requirements for noise

reduction on ships, and Danish flagged vessels have to comply with maximum

limits for individuals (EU legislation) and special values for different locations in the

ship (International Maritime Organisation legislation). This is to protect crew from

long-term work-related impacts that in the worst case can lead to reduced ability to

work and poor health.

On a ship, crew are to a greater or lesser extent exposed to vibration and noise

practically all the time. The ship is their workplace and unlike workplaces ashore,

they cannot leave the ship and have peace and quiet at night without noise and

vibration.

This is why it is extra important for shipowners to prevent noise and vibration.

Ships are made of steel and so there will always be noise and vibration on board so

noise reduction is essential. Noise reduction is good but noise prevention is even better.

In this article, we meet a Danish shipowner, ESVAGT. In their latest newbuilding, they

significantly reduced noise already in the design phase of the ship.

ESVAGT AURORA – effective prevention

Built in August 2012, the ESVAGT AURORA is Danish shipowner ESVAGT’s

(www.esvagt.com) newest vessel. She has a special bow designed by Ulstein Design

& Solutions, Norway, and was built by Zamakona Shipyard in Bilbao (Spain).

She is specially designed for sea rescue operations in hard weather conditions and is

on 24/7 stand-by by drilling rigs, typically in Arctic waters.

The most important reason for preventing noise on the ESVAGT AURORA was to

reduce the impact of noise and vibration on the crew’s working environment. ESVAGT

decided to reduce noise and vibration, by especially minimising structural noise.

ESVAGT wanted to build as good a ship as possible which would also be a really good

workplace for their shipmates at sea. A good workplace is a reflection of many things

but one of the most important is a good working environment. That is why already

in the design stage, ESVAGT focused on noise and vibration and maintained this

focus throughout the whole construction phase until the ship was completed.

ESVAGT made a conscious choice to do something extra for the working

environment. They identified and calculated potential sources of noise in the design

stage with experts from the classification company DNV and designers from Ulstein

Design & Solutions and on the basis of being Danish flagged and the higher

legislative requirements this entails, the level of noise and vibration on the ESVAGT

AURORA was reduced by:

The results have been good. The noise is minimal and reports from seagoing crew say: “One of the best ships in the fleet to serve on.”

The full article by Carsten Gydahl-Jensen, on the impacts of noise and vibration, effective prevention and risk assessments can be downloaded from:

http://www.he-alert.org/docs/published/he01225.pdf

• Extra special insulation on all steel cladding, bulkheads and decking associated with the bow and retractable azimuth thrusters in the bow

• Extra special insulation in the accommodation and steel cladding on all decks

• Noise absorbent flooring solutions arranged as special cassettes consisting of ‘boxes’ of noise-absorbent material covered by a flexible compound layer

• Large diameter propellers for the propulsion azimuth thrusters to minimize propeller noise

• Bow and retractable azimuth thrusters fitted with converters and adjustable pitch to make it possible to adjust pitch and revolutions simultaneously. The reduction in revolutions has a major significance for noise from these units

• Special shock absorbers installed under all diesel engines to minimize noise and vibration

• Rubber suspension exhaust systems fitted with noise reducers

Uruguay. Paraguayos se quejan de costos portuarios en Montevideo; podrían derivar cargas

Los armadores marítimos paraguayos se quejan por los altos costos que deben afrontar en el Puerto de Montevideo. Tienen una negociación en curso con autoridades argentinas y podrían optar por Buenos Aires para realizar los transbordos.

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Problemas para los puertos y las cargas Por Emiliano Galli | LA NACION

A poco más de un año de la entrada en vigor de la disposición 1108 de la Subsecretaría de Puertos y Vías Navegables, que apuntó a “promover y hacer efectiva la modernización, eficacia y economicidad de cada uno de los puertos del Estado nacional”, el balance tanto en los puertos como en la marina mercante es negativo.

En los puertos de Rosario y Santa Fe, la disposición impidió que siguiera funcionando la logística fluvial que había permitido reactivar el movimiento de barcazas containeras.

El puerto de Montevideo sufrió una merma importante en sus operaciones, habida cuenta de la alta participación que tenía la terminal uruguaya como centro de transbordo de las cargas originadas en los puertos fluviales del Paraná. Lee el resto de esta entrada