Archivos Mensuales: noviembre 2014
El sistema fluvial del Río de la Plata, abarca una superficie de aproximadamente 3.100.000 km2, que se extiende por los territorios de Argentina, Brasil, Bolivia, Paraguay y Uruguay. Las coordenadas extremas se ubican entre los meridianos 67° y 44° y los paralelos 14° y 37°, abarcando desde el altiplano de Bolivia al océano Atlántico, y desde la Chapada de Pareéis, en la meseta brasileña, que separa a esta cuenca de la amazónica, hasta su desembocadura en el Atlántico, por medio del Río de la Plata, el que le da nombre a la cuenca.
La cuenca del Plata es la sexta, por su superficie, entre las grandes cuencas fluviales del mundo, y segunda en América del Sur. Son mayores que ella solamente las de los sistemas fluviales del Amazonas, del Yenisei, del Congo, del Obi y del Misisipí.
Less noise and vibration is good for the working environment
Carsten Gydahl-Jensen, Occupational Health Consultant
SEAHEALTH – http://www.seahealth.dk
January 2014 | Alert! | 7
High levels of noise can ruin your hearing if you are exposed to it for
a long time. Constant low level noise and vibration can also have a major impact on
your working life because it means poorer quality sleep, lack of rest and stress. For
example, if a fire door bangs or the hinges creak every time it is opened and your
cabin is right alongside, it affects your periods of rest.
Noise and vibration require special attention on a ship because the crew are
on board every day around the clock and are surrounded by noisy machinery and
metal which transmits noise well. There are mandatory requirements for noise
reduction on ships, and Danish flagged vessels have to comply with maximum
limits for individuals (EU legislation) and special values for different locations in the
ship (International Maritime Organisation legislation). This is to protect crew from
long-term work-related impacts that in the worst case can lead to reduced ability to
work and poor health.
On a ship, crew are to a greater or lesser extent exposed to vibration and noise
practically all the time. The ship is their workplace and unlike workplaces ashore,
they cannot leave the ship and have peace and quiet at night without noise and
This is why it is extra important for shipowners to prevent noise and vibration.
Ships are made of steel and so there will always be noise and vibration on board so
noise reduction is essential. Noise reduction is good but noise prevention is even better.
In this article, we meet a Danish shipowner, ESVAGT. In their latest newbuilding, they
significantly reduced noise already in the design phase of the ship.
ESVAGT AURORA – effective prevention
Built in August 2012, the ESVAGT AURORA is Danish shipowner ESVAGT’s
(www.esvagt.com) newest vessel. She has a special bow designed by Ulstein Design
& Solutions, Norway, and was built by Zamakona Shipyard in Bilbao (Spain).
She is specially designed for sea rescue operations in hard weather conditions and is
on 24/7 stand-by by drilling rigs, typically in Arctic waters.
The most important reason for preventing noise on the ESVAGT AURORA was to
reduce the impact of noise and vibration on the crew’s working environment. ESVAGT
decided to reduce noise and vibration, by especially minimising structural noise.
ESVAGT wanted to build as good a ship as possible which would also be a really good
workplace for their shipmates at sea. A good workplace is a reflection of many things
but one of the most important is a good working environment. That is why already
in the design stage, ESVAGT focused on noise and vibration and maintained this
focus throughout the whole construction phase until the ship was completed.
ESVAGT made a conscious choice to do something extra for the working
environment. They identified and calculated potential sources of noise in the design
stage with experts from the classification company DNV and designers from Ulstein
Design & Solutions and on the basis of being Danish flagged and the higher
legislative requirements this entails, the level of noise and vibration on the ESVAGT
AURORA was reduced by:
The results have been good. The noise is minimal and reports from seagoing crew say: “One of the best ships in the fleet to serve on.”
The full article by Carsten Gydahl-Jensen, on the impacts of noise and vibration, effective prevention and risk assessments can be downloaded from:
• Extra special insulation on all steel cladding, bulkheads and decking associated with the bow and retractable azimuth thrusters in the bow
• Extra special insulation in the accommodation and steel cladding on all decks
• Noise absorbent flooring solutions arranged as special cassettes consisting of ‘boxes’ of noise-absorbent material covered by a flexible compound layer
• Large diameter propellers for the propulsion azimuth thrusters to minimize propeller noise
• Bow and retractable azimuth thrusters fitted with converters and adjustable pitch to make it possible to adjust pitch and revolutions simultaneously. The reduction in revolutions has a major significance for noise from these units
• Special shock absorbers installed under all diesel engines to minimize noise and vibration
• Rubber suspension exhaust systems fitted with noise reducers
A poco más de un año de la entrada en vigor de la disposición 1108 de la Subsecretaría de Puertos y Vías Navegables, que apuntó a “promover y hacer efectiva la modernización, eficacia y economicidad de cada uno de los puertos del Estado nacional”, el balance tanto en los puertos como en la marina mercante es negativo.
En los puertos de Rosario y Santa Fe, la disposición impidió que siguiera funcionando la logística fluvial que había permitido reactivar el movimiento de barcazas containeras.
El puerto de Montevideo sufrió una merma importante en sus operaciones, habida cuenta de la alta participación que tenía la terminal uruguaya como centro de transbordo de las cargas originadas en los puertos fluviales del Paraná. Lee el resto de esta entrada